Lebanon is a city in Wilson County, Tennessee. The population was 26,190 at the 2010 census. It serves as the county seat of Wilson County. Lebanon is located in middle Tennessee, approximately 25 miles east of downtown Nashville. Lebanon is part of the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city was incorporated in 1801, and was named the biblical cedars of Lebanon. Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar-City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. The city is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,235 people, 7,987 households, and 5,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 692.0 people per square mile (267.2/km²). There were 8,693 housing units at an average density of 297.3 per square mile (114.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.89% White, 13.78% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.
There were 7,987 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,118, and the median income for a family was $45,094. Males had a median income of $31,207 versus $24,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,366. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
Lebanon is considered a banking center for regional banks and is home to the corporate headquarters of at least three. Many larger state and national banks have only a minimal presence in Lebanon.
Cracker Barrel was founded in Lebanon by Dan Evins in 1969, and has its corporate headquarters there. Lochinvar Corporation, a water products manufacturer, is based in Lebanon. The city threatened to sue Dell Inc. for eliminating 700 of the 1,000 jobs the company proferred as part of a tax deal on which the company later reneged.
Lebanon Special School District (LSSD) has four elementary schools: Byars Dowdy, Sam Houston, Coles Ferry, Castle Heights, and two middle schools Walter J. Baird and Winfree Bryant. The three high schools operating under the Wilson County School System, are Wilson Central High School, Mt. Juliet High School, and Lebanon High School. Lebanon is also home to Cumberland University which was founded in 1842. Cumberland University has a rich heritage and has produced over eighty Congressmen and Senators such as Albert Gore, Sr. and Thomas Gore. The institution has also produced a Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Cordell Hull, who served as Secretary of State from March 1933 - November 1944.
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